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Danishgah Blvd. , Pardisan , Qom , Iran

Title : A comparative study of the distribution of power and its principles in the constitutional rights of Iran and the United States

Student :  AliReza Zamzam

supervisor : Dr. MohammadJavad Arasta

Advisor : Dr. Mostafa Malakutiyan / Dr. Hosein JavanArasteh

Grade : PHD

Years : 201.

Abstract :

In this dissertation, the author seeks to make a comparative study of one of the common issues of the constitutional rights of Iran and the United States, that is, the commonalities and differences regarding the arrangement of institutions, powers and their number and principles of distribution of power.

For this purpose, the construction of power or the pattern of power distribution in Iran and the United States is federal, so power distribution is discussed between the central government and the states and again at the federal level between the three powers.  

In the Islamic Republic of Iran – a centralized and non-federal political system – the distribution of power in the form of four axes, namely the leadership, the legislature, the executive and the judicial, is examined.

By examining the construction of power in two countries, the commonalities and differences of the two accepted patterns will be revealed. This dissertation is reviewed in the form of an introduction, four chapters and a conclusion.

The first chapter discusses the concept of power distribution, its evolution, and the theoretical foundations and principles of power distribution in the West and Islam.

The second chapter is about the construction of power, the “pattern of distribution of power” in the United States constitutional law.

And the third chapter concerns the construction of power (the model of power distribution) in the constitutional law of the Islamic Republic of Iran.

Chapter 4 is about commonalities and differences between the two countries in power distribution. Finally, a summary of the topics of the dissertation, conclusions and suggestions will be discussed.