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Danishgah Blvd. , Pardisan , Qom , Iran

Title :Political morality in the Islamic Republic of Iran with emphasis on electoral competition

Student : MohammadHasan Ruzbeh

supervisor : Dr. Emad Afrugh

Advisor : Dr. Nazaf lakzayi / Dr. AliReza Sadra

Grade : PHD

Years : 2016

Abstract :

Morality and policy do not have a single and final definition.

From the ontological perspective of transcendent theology, morality is the status of actuality and becoming the levels of human. Man corresponding to the universe has three levels of existence and evolution.

The highest level of evolution of any level is the courtesy of that level.

Power and benefit, justice, dignity and benevolence, respectively, are the courtesy of mediocre, balanced and transcendent human being.

Courtesy of each level has sub-branches that are ways to reach it.

Courtesy is always embodied in the form of etiquette, and they also regulate behaviours.

According to Mulla Sadra’s anthropology theory, man is a non-sufficient individual who exists and evolves in society and therefore is a civil human being by nature.

Every individual enters and forms civil society with his property, so civil society is a moral being and the shadow of characteristics of its individuals.

Ethical civil society requires tact, and its contriver is policy, which includes politicians, customs, and power relations. 

Accordingly, civil society is a moral political society and can be identified based on the three levels of human existence, the three inferior levels, moderate and transcendence.

The Islamic Republic, based on the slogans of the people that are crystallized in the introduction of the constitution and the expression and works of the Supreme Leader of the Revolution, especially the book of the Islamic government, was an ideal society that claimed to pass from the worldly order and build a balanced city to a higher city.

Consequently, it was expected to contain the three levels of morality in the form of substantial motion and the objectivity of the three levels of man.

The constitution, where the three levels of courtesy appear, contains etiquette for regulating behaviours. 

Most of the principles of the constitution of the Islamic Republic are the manifestation of courtesy of the religious rank of human beings, and less the balance level and rarely the transcendent rank are embodied in it.

Behaviorally, by examining the behaviors in the electoral behaviors section in the three presidential elections, we concluded that there is a gap between the declared positions and the behaviors. The hotter the competition, the lower it went from equilibrium to median, and in some cases, behaviors went lower than the courtesy of the level.